VA AM Report 2.13.18: Sepsis in the Psych ICU, OH MY!

Case summary: Thanks to Manoj, Lily and Matt Schwede in abstention for presenting the case of a 60M with schizoaffective disorder who was admitted to the Psychiatric ICU (PICU) for psychosis and transferred to Medicine after he developed LLE pain/erythema and sepsis physiology, with concern for necrotizing fasciitis.

Takeaways:

1. In the setting of SSTI and sepsis physiology, consider: necrotizing fasciitis, toxin-producing beta-hemolytic Strep (e.g. toxic shock syndrome), abscess (lack of source control) and bacteremia.

2. Goop reminded us that the world of bullae is wide, and venous stasis ulcers + overlying cellulitis is a common diagnosis! Life threatening diagnoses include: toxic epidermal necrolysis, staph scalded skin syndrome, necrotizing fasciitis, disseminated HSV or VZV and purpura fulminans. See below for a comprehensive DDx.

3. See Grant Smith’s awesome post on necrotizing fasciitis (with his Evernote integrating all the Chiefs’ blog posts on nec fasc ever!), with a major takeaway a (small, single-center) study from the Archives of Surgery showing that CT is extremely sensitive for necrotizing soft tissue infection (Sensitivity was 100%, Specificity 81%, PPV 76%, NPV 100%).


The wide world of bullae

bullae

 


Grant’s blog post (with Evernote summarizing all the prior Chiefs’ blog posts on nec fasc): https://ucsfmed.wordpress.com/2018/01/26/zsfg-am-report-pearls-1-17-2018-almost-doesnt-count-or-does-it-sensitivity-of-ct-for-necrotizing-fasciitis/

Fantastic NEJM review on necrotizing SSTIs: Stevens  DL Bryant  AENecrotizing soft-tissue infectionsN Engl J Med 2017;377:225365.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s