- Tracheomalacia can be diagnosed using bronchoscopy or Chest CT w/ inspiratory and expiratory views
- The most common cause of tracheomalacia in adults is prolonged mechanical ventilation
- Tracheomalacia can be segmental or diffuse
- Segmental tracheomalacia can be caused by external pressure on the tracheal wall (e.g. large substernal goiter or a congenital vascular anomaly, such as a right-sided aortic arch w/ aberrant subclavian artery)
- Diffuse tracheomalacia is encountered in rare conditions like tracheobronchomegaly (Mounier-Kuhn syndrome) or relapsing polychondritis
For an anatomic review of the causes of obstruction (including tracheomalacia), check out our August Blog Post!
See the attached CPS case for a great review of tracheomalacia.
Dan, Manny, Josue, and Jess